dissertation information


  • Title that is very clear.
  • Choosing a subject
  • The Abstract: Setting out dissertation in no more than 300 words
  • Limiting your research. Why are you looking at these specific works?
  • Educating the examiner.
  • Critical analysis.
  • Your own perception.
  • Researching something that is personal to you.
  • Can change if you found something more interesting
  • Hypothesis: What are your objectives? What are you setting out to do?
  • Introduction should fit together with the conclusion.
  • Each chapter should begin with an introduction to that chapter.
  • Bibliography
  • Failing through: Plagiarism, REFERENCE
  • Proving a point through argument
  • ‘College of liberal arts and science’ teaching and writing centre
  • What is a thesis? – stating an argument about a topic and then describe briefly., how you will prove your argument.
  • Find a focus, Look for a pattern,
  • Helps focus your ideas
  • Provides a hook where you can hang your topic sentences.
  • Can be revised as you further refine your evidence and arguments. Gives your paper unified structure.


Although most readers of the teapot weekly have argued that Oppenheim’s teacup isn’t art and is completely impractical, closer examination shows that this tea cup is in fact a piece of art work in itself and isn’t supposedly meant for practical use.

This strange teacup is a result of the combination of non-traditional, disturbing yet sensual piece of work.




  • Mies Van der Rohe
  • God is in the detail
  • Looking at the concept of the thing.
  • God is the detail within a concept
  • The detail that created the main narrative
  • Looking at the details and creating a new narrative
  • Plato, Greek philosopher
  • The republic, being exposed to new things.
  • The concept that if you have been taught certain things and seen certain things, that is your perception. You wouldn’t have known anything else.
  • Everyone has their own perception on reality.
  • The alternate reality can be the reality for the person who believes it to be.
  • People may not understand or believe in what you believe is the reality.
  • The men who have been exposed to the ‘sun’ (a new reality). They can decide between what Is real and what is not. Now that they have experienced a new reality.
  • Questioning authority?
  • God is the source of information
  • We will never have the knowledge beyond anyone else in this universe because no one has experienced the vast universe.
  • I do not believe in what YOU think is God.
  • But Socrates believes in god.
  • If man is the ultimate creation, then man is the ultimate knowledge.
  • We forget the maker. God is the artist who drew/sewn the seems of reality. We do not praise God for the beauty of the flower, we praise the flower for its beauty.
  • Pablo Picasso
  • Wassily Kandinsky
  • Black is like the silence of the body after the death, the close of life.
  • Black and violet
  • Less is more
  • Less of the signs and more use of the imagination.
  • The words strange and ugly, are not literal.
  • How would you define the concept of the strange and the ugly, within your subject?
  • What is the difference, how can it inform your practice?
  • The strange is the Perfection that society has pushed upon us.
  • Alexander McQueen
  • reality is one’s perception
  • Jenny Saville
  • Leonardo Da Vinci
  • The strange is not having an understanding of it.
  • Ugly is the perception


Essay Planning*

 The sub conscious mind is my reality in relation to the Art that I create. I use my sub conscious being to fish out what I assume to be the reality and mark it down on paper.

 Relating the conscious and sub conscious together; one reality and one dream like state.

Although I realize that the reality is my conscious, I feel like I can tap into by sub conscious through meditation or dreams, and that then becomes my reality.

 Starting point for my essay?

  • The simulacrum
  • Concept is the reality, there is no truth
  • The reality is the image.
  • Michael angelo/ Leonardo Da Vinci’s concepts were the truth.
  • a space whose curvature is no longer that of the real, nor of truth, the age of simulation thus begins with a liquidation of all referential’s.
  •  Showing a small part of something that is much bigger than we can see or comprehend.
  • Zahah Hadid.
  •  Stepping out of what you can see to face the reality.
  • Question reality itself.
  • Emphasizing the reality.
  • The mind believes it is real whether it is real or not.
  • Self-image: How we believe we should be compared to how others see us or want us too be.
  • Francis Bacon’s self portraits. How he see’s people is different to how others see them.
  • Finding the reality could be impossible?
  • One’s own reality is the only reality that is needed. Why try look for others?



Define reality in Art and Design:

 The sub conscious mind is my reality in relation to the Art that I create.I use my sub conscious being to fish out what I assume to be the reality and mark it down on paper.

 Relating the conscious and sub conscious together; one reality and one dream like state.

Although I realise that the reality is my conscious, I feel like I can tap into by sub conscious through meditation or dreams, and that then becomes my reality.


  • Leonardo Da Vinci


  • We are used to seeing the ‘’perfect’’ and not the reality.
  • Parallel universe.


  • Art Nouveau and question of Identity: who am I?
  • Feeling a sense of identity.
  • Became central.
  • His identity gave him his creativity.


  • Odilon Redon (1840-1916)
  • French symbolist painter.
  • Semiotics: Symbols and numbers  (standford encyclopedia)
  • Mystrious, introverted, dark.
  • Using colour/form as a language.


  • Boat in the moonlight


  • Angel in chains- Landscape and form become one. The rock and the angel are both similar colours. This could insinuate that the angel is stone. Nothing can break her. (evil)
  • Evocation of butterflies.


  • One being decorative and and being narrative.


  • The smiling spider


  • The angel of Destiny


  • ‘’Eye balloon’’


  • The eyeballoon is look up to the sky, this could signify that he is looking up at a dream? Whereas the ground is where his reality is. He is drifting between the two but ultimately wants to be in his dreamworld.
  • ‘’I-Balloon’’?
  • watching the people below.
  • Cactus Man- The head could signify his solitude. Whether he likes it or not.
  • He sees himself as a threat, physically and mentally. He is dangerous. The colours a dark and mysterious. His head is his most important feature for him. The cactus can survive harsh conditions.


  • Its not about what you look like its what you feel.


  • Stephane Mallarme

Symbolist Poet


  • His work anticipated and inspired revolutionary artistic


  • Self portrait: Outgoing, relaxed, higher status, self importance.
  • This self portrait was painted by an artist. This gives a different perception because the artist would only see his outer shell.


  • ‘’A roll of the dice will never abolish chance’’
  • -1897


  • Man Ray-
  • The way I perceived the video, was quite eerie. The way it was filmed reminded me much of a horror story. The language barrier made it hard to read or understand.
  • A performance with words.
  • -Coat stand 1920
  • A person standing behind to complete the piece.
  • Not practical
  • The object and the subject are the same thing
  • Is the female the product or the object the product?
  • Object and subject
  • ‘’Disquiet’’
  • ‘’woman’’ – calling a product a Woman
  • metaphysical metaphorical.
  • My souls Portrait
  • The Kiss- trapped, unwanted, broken.

Mannerism week 5


  • Hiroshima Mon Amour.
  • By the skin of their teeth.
  • The skin only being a bag for the soul. You can take my skin but not my soul.
  • Nuclear warfare, taking away the skin. Physically rather than mentally.
  • 1600- questioning it
  • 1900- implying it
  • Skin, creativity and the soul-
  • The mentality, feeling better in your own skin will affect the way your soul feels
  • And visa versa.
  • There is a connection and collaboration.
  • The skin is the shell and the soul is what lets you create.
  • In the present day you are allowed to be in your own skin and not be judged as much as you would be in the 1600’s. Michael Angelo, shows a body who is feminine, which wasn’t accepted and still wasn’t completely accepted by society.
  • The war affected many people
  • Warfare crushed the human spirit.
  • Mondrian/ Schroeder
  • In the project, the skin is the finished product. The soul is the process and thought behind the finished product.
  • Relation between Schroeder and Mondrian.
  • Using solid shapes and primary colour.
  • 3 dimensional composition of planes.
  • Not a block in the room, more or less transparent. (chair)
  • Creating Mondrian’s 2D drawings, into a 3D space.
  • Living within a 2d painting. Making something of a dream become reality.
  • The ‘story/ narrative’ will change depending on where you stand within the house.
  • Expanding and collapsing spaces.


  • The decision to be creative.
  • Being creative overpowered the traumatic war.
  • Deconstructing what it means to be creative.

Mannerism Week 4

Art and design movement: An overview


If the idea/concept Is the reality, then the ‘real’ is merely perception of that reality perception then is nothing but a world of illusion.


Painting something that is real will never BE the real thing. Therefore, that is the perception of reality.


Art and craft movement:


“Not being able to see the sun but knowing that it exists”


Like the idea of God.


‘Potato eaters ‘by Vincent Van Gogh.Unknown.jpeg


It is what it is. It’s like a documentation through painting.  1800’s photograph demonstrated through painting.


John Ruskin and William Morris: Relationships between art, society and labour.

William put Ruskin’s philosophies into practice.

Craftsmanship and natural beauty of materials. Creating stuff that he was good at.

Who benefitted: The rich.

Art and crafts movement hugely flawed. Not showing the differences between the rich and the poor.

Good for reviving craft. But was for a specific client.








Art Nouveau:

After the first world war (1890s)

Self conscious art work.

Providing art for the people who had money.

Labourers were the tools to makers.

Creating art for every day life

Attempts to create a modern style.

Were against the traditional arts.

Inspired by nature.

Nature becoming inspiration for design and visual.

Decorative elements.


Nothing was designed simple.

Creating a new form of reality

For an ordinary person.

Creating forms/ structures that are organic. Combining elements of nature.

A step forward.

Dreams/ consciousness/nature

Art and design became one. Spoke a harmonic language.


A new style was created.

All three forms a single style.

Defied the fact of having a speciality (wasn’t an architect, product designer, graphic designer etc.)


Form and function.



Art and craft was creating things that were needed.


Willow tea rooms- Each chair has a high back because he wanted people to feel like they have a status.



Woman’s role changed forever.

Francesco Goya-

Disasters of war

Before beauty, now it is about suffering, pain and death.

Inspired by the war.



Illusion and reality become one.

When you start to imagine things that aren’t real.

Something that snaps and changes someone’s perception forever.

Something as drastic as the War or something as small.



Not just about designing. It’s about defining.

Modernism- Sigmund Freud:

‘’Illusions commend themselves to us because they save us the pain and allow us to enjoy pleasure instead.’’


Design and architecture:


It was not a style but a loose collection of ideas.

Many different styles can be characterised as modernist, but shared certain underlying principles:


A rejection of history and applied ornament;


A preference for abstraction;


And a belief that design and technology could transform society.


Art Deco:

One of the most stylistic movements in design.

Zig Zag


Art modern

Influenced by classical civilisation

The machine became the tool of escape.

The human form becomes one with machine.


Paris exhibition 1925

Mainly French work.

Nothing allowed in ‘’old style’’

16 million visitors

US declined, Germany not invited.

A strong visual message.

But a strong political tension

Can you feel the tension through the art work?


The concept of design was all inspired by machine.

Clean design.

To create something that lasts forever.

Wishful thinking which is the reality and illusion.

Glassware, a new medium?


1920’s, Products that haven’t changed. We haven’t moved on from this.

The ‘’ultimate design’’.






The second World War.  Worse than the first.


In the midst of life, we are in the midst of death.

‘’The skin of our teeth’’- Play from the 1940’s


The person who is talking sounds like they are in some sort of dream world. They live in a bubble.


Don’t take life for granted.



Mannerism: Week 2

Final assignment: How would you define the concept of the strange and the ugly within your subject specialism? What is the difference? How can it inform your practice? How did the mannerist apply it in their works?

500-1000 words assignment. Review the reading list. Introduction, main body of argument, conclusion.


Anglia Ruskin University Harvard referencing.

What’s in the picture?  responding to illustration picture books.

9th December due date




Platonic solid

Sacred geometry


A platonic solid is a three dimensional shape or space

A platonic solid has 5 different names: The cube, Polyhedron, octahedron, Icosahedron and the dodecahedron.


Platonic solid within a flat painting.


Symmetrical beauty of the platonic solids.


‘’Euclid completely mathematically described the Platonic solids in the Elements, the last book (Book XIII) of which is devoted to their properties. Propositions 13–17 in Book XIII describe the construction of the tetrahedron, octahedron, cube, icosahedron, and dodecahedron in that order. For each solid Euclid finds the ratio of the diameter of the circumscribed sphere to the edge length. In Proposition 18 he argues that there are no further convex regular polyhedra. Andreas Speiser has advocated the view that the construction of the 5 regular solids is the chief goal of the deductive system canonized in the Elements.[6] Much of the information in Book XIII is probably derived from the work of Theaetetus’’


Each of the six spheres each corresponded to one of the planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Jupiter, Saturn and Mars.


Air is made of the octahedron; its minuscule components are so smooth that one can barely feel it. Water, the icosahedron, flows out of one’s hand when picked up, as if it is made of tiny little balls. By contrast, a highly no spherical solid, the hexahedron (cube) represents “earth”.


Air is made of the Octahedron, Water is made of the Icosahedron, Tetrahedron is made of fire, Earth is the hexahedron.


What is the sacred Geometric? – Symbolic and sacred meaning to certain geometric proportions. God is the geometer of the world.


Sacred Geometry has its roots to nature, many forms can be related to geometric shapes such as the platonic solids and this is why elements link with the sacred geometry.

Religious relationships?



Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) created the platonic solid model of planetary spacing in the solar system.


Pagan context.

Trying to understand God through mathematics rather than trusting the word of a Pope or priest.

Seeing something in a different light, for something more than what it is.


Trying to understand the essence of Christ though paintings and commissions.

Thinking out side the box.



Deconstructing the painting ‘’Descent from the cross (1521) Rosso.

Where are the shapes and what do they mean?

Triangle linked with the colour red (fire)

Meeting at the top to suggest a triangle shape.

The cross made up with cubes to suggest earth and building a stable structure.

The ladder is filled with cubes or triangles.

The colour of Christ is a washed out green hue and that would suggest sickness? Green also relates the earth. Christ is now one with earth?

Red symbolises anger or passion, which is shown indefinitely by the people.

The colour wheel shows that green and red are to colours that are opposite to each other.

Christs rebirth.

The frame is a spherical shape (the top)

Heptahedron can be seen in the middle of the painting.

Ladders to heaven.

Three ladders ‘’Tri’’ perhaps relating itself to a tetrahedron

Father, son a holy spirit. Creation, creative (meaning of the number 3)

Fibonacci’s golden spiral.


Bronzino’s painting is also notable because it portrays a saint nearly nude. The torso and pose is coiled and twisted like a snake.


The clothes were added at a later date on the painting, it started out fully nude.

If this is god’s creation, why are we hiding it.


He painted St. John as a handsome young man. Is supposed to be a dirty old hermit man.

Platonic forms can be seen in the painting. Why does it have to be sexualised?


Presuming that once St. John was once young and that he isn’t evil because of it.


The colour of the cloth that is draped over him is blue which represents water (baptised)

Greater than himself, because his body looks bigger than his head, this could represent that he is greater and capable better things.


His body is made up of cubes which represent earth and being grounded.


His hand is looks very similar to Michael Angelo’s ‘’creation of Adam’’  perhaps this represents that Saint John is the creation of God just like Adam.

Humans are the creation of God.




Clock in the cistine chape, self portrait.